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English Stylistics Class 2013. 3-4 weeks

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We talked about Metaphor, Simile ,Personification, Metonymy. And now i can distinguish them from each other. I found a simple definitions from internet  and  want to share with you.

1) A SIMILE is a phrase that describes something in comparison to the characteristics of something else, using the words as or like.

Examples:
Her hands were as cold as ice.
His beard was like sandpaper.

 

2) A METAPHOR directly compares two things, which may be quite different, because one has a characteristic that is similar to the other.

Examples:
All the world is a stage.
The inside of the car was a furnace.
His memory of the event was foggy.

3) Personification is when you assign the qualities of a person to something that isn't human or, in some cases, to something that isn't even alive.

 

Examples:
The stars danced playfully in the moonlit sky.

The run down house appeared depressed.

The first rays of morning tiptoed through the meadow.

She did not realize that opportunity was knocking at her door

4) Metonymy : a figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated.

 

Examples:

Fear gives wings.

Detroit is still hard at work on an SUV that runs on rain forest trees and panda blood.

The White House asked the television networks for air time on Monday night.

 

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