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English Stylistics Class 2013. Understatement. Hyperbole. Oxymoron. Periphrasis.

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Figure of speech

Hyperbole

Understatement

Periphrasis

Oxymoron

Definition

figure of speech (a form of irony) in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect; an extravagant statement.

figure of speech in which a writer or speaker deliberately makes a situation seem less important or serious than it is. Contrast with hyperbole.

Periphrasis is a roundabout way of referring to something by means of several words instead of naming it directly in asingle word or phrase.

figure of speech in which incongruous or seemingly contradictory terms appear side by side; a compressed paradox.

To which group it belongs:

- according to I. R. Galperin

- according to Kukharenko

- according to Screbnev

     

Lexical SDs and EMs

 

Lexical SDs

Paradigmatic semasiology units

     

Lexical SDs and Ems

 

Lexical SDs

Paradigmatic semasiology units

     

Lexical SDs and Ems

 

Lexico-syntactic SDs

Paradigmatic semasiology units

     

Lexical SDs and Ems

 

Lexical SDs

Units of syntagmatic semasiology

Types

Semantically it split into:

-         trite

-         genuine

 

Semantically it split into:

-         trite

-         genuine

 

Semantically it split into:

-         trite

-         genuine

Depending on the mechanism of substitution of a word:

-         logical

-         figurative

   

Semantically it split into:

-         trite

-         genuine

Structurally it split into:

-         attributive

-         verbal

 

Example

   

http://grammar.about.com

http://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples-of-hyperboles.html

http://www.dailywritingtips.com

       

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