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English Stylistics Class 2014. GEMs

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We discussed graphical EMs, and girls gave many useful and interesting information and tasks, some examples. I want to add some definition of GEMs and their examples.

Capitalization

The practice of using capital letters in writing or printing.

Proper nouns, key words in titles, the pronoun I, and beginnings of sentences are generally capitalized.

Examples:
1) "'She said that she would dance with me if I brought her red roses,' cried the young Student." (O. Wilde)
2) "How DISGUSTING!" (J. Galsworthy)
3) "MISS JEMIMA!" exclaimed Miss Pinkerton. (W. M. Thackeray)

Graphon

intentional violation of the graphical shape of a word (or word combination) used to reflect its authentic pronunciation.

1) «The b-b-b-b-bas-tud-he’d seen me c-c-c-c-com-ing» (R.P. Warren)

2) “I don’t weally know wevver I’m a good girl” (J. Braine)

3) You don’t mean to thay that thith ith your firtht time (D. Cusack)

Hyphenation – the reflection of rhymed or clipped manner in which a word is uttered

Rhyme

is the repetition of identical or similar terminal sound combinations or words. 
Rhyming words are generally placed at a regular distance from each other

According to the way of rhyme arranging we distinguish:
1. couplets- the last words of two successive lines are rhymed-aa
2. triple rhymes-aaa
3. cross rhymes-abab

4. framing or ring rhymes .

Examples:

1) “I bring fresh showers for the thirsting flowers”. (Sheeley)

2)“Once upon a midnight dreary while I pondered weak and weary”.


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