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English Stylistics Class 2014. Examination Questions

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  1. Which type of stylistics studies stylistic peculiarities of two or more languages?
  2. Which type of stylistics is the ‘stylistics of the writer’?
  3. What is the name of the scientist that divides stylistics into paradigmatic and syntagmatic?
  4. What do we call phonetic means, morphological forms, means of word-building, lexical, phraseological and syntactical forms, all of which function in the language for emotional or logical intensification of an utterance?
  5. What do we call ‘generative models’ used purposefully to intensify speech?
  6. Which SD shows the similarity of two basically different things without the word ‘like’?
  7. Which SD, a variety of metaphor, represents an inanimate object or an idea as having human characteristics, capable of thought, action or feeling?
  8. Which SD exaggerates the size of an object?
  9. Which SD is based on the substitution of one object by another one that is in some way connected with the first?
  10. What do we call the simplest kind of metonymy: using the name of a part to denote the whole or vice versa?
  11. Which SD compares two unlike objects with the help of connective words like, as, such as, as if, seem, etc.?
  12. Which SD consists in the round-about way of description instead of direct naming?
  13. Which SD consists in saying one thing while meaning something quite opposite?
  14. Which SD consists in negating the opposite idea (double negation)?
  15. Which SD consists in replacing the tabooed words by words and phrases that seem less straightforward, milder, more harmless (or at least less offensive)?
  16. Which SD is based on using a word in two different applications (or meanings) or the use of two different words which are pronounced alike?
  17. Which SD brings together two words opposed to each other?
  18. Which stylistic device is an unusual description of a word?
  19. Which SD consists in a question asked in the narrative and answered by one and the same person?
  20. Which SD consists in the deliberate postponement of the sentence completion, whereas the less important, descriptive, subordinate parts are amassed at the beginning to keep up the reader’s/listener’s attention and prepare him for the only logical conclusion of the utterance?
  21. Which SD is such a sentences arrangement, in which each following word/word combination/clause/sentence is logically more important and emotionally stronger?
  22. Which SD is based on the excessive use (repetition) of conjunctions  (conjunction and in most cases)?
  23. Which SD consists in sound imitation?
  24. Which SD consists in breaking the usual word order in a sentence?
  25. What do we call the type of repetition, in which identical parts are placed at the beginning of adjacent sentences (verse lines, stanzas, paragraphs)?
  26. What do we call the type of repetition, in which identical parts are placed at the end of adjacent sentences (verse lines, stanzas, paragraphs)?
  27. Which stylistic device is a question that implies the answer to this question?
  28. What do we call the type of repetition, in which the final element of a sentence (paragraph, stanza) recurs at the very beginning of the next sentence (paragraph, stanza, etc.)?

29. Which stylistic means are phonetic ones?

30. What stylistic device exaggerates smallness?

31. What expressive means do we use to express strong feelings?

32. What stylistic device do we use saying “He has low IQ” instead of “He is stupid”?

33. What stylistic device is based on the repetition of similar vowel sounds?

34. What stylistic device is based on the repetition of similar/identical ending sounds?

35. What do you call a brief reference to some literary, historic, mythical, biblical, etc. character, event, person etc.?

36. What do you call identical or similar syntactical structures in two or more successive sentences or clauses?

37. What do you call the intentional violation of the graphical shape of a word to reflect its authentic sounding?

38. What do you call the deliberate omission of a member of the sentence?

39. When is onomatopoeia a SD?

40.When is onomatopoeia an EM?

41. What is the lowest mark for sentence length?

42. What do you call singling out a secondary member of the sentence with the help of punctuation (intonation)?

43. What group of stylistic devices does graphon belong to?

44.What stylistic device consists in the deliberate omission of conjunctions?

45.What group of stylistic devices does question-in-the-narrative belong to?

46. Name the underlined device: ‘M. Torre said that his life was a house of glass, anyone was welcome to look inside.’

47.Name the underlined device: ‘A chiselled, ruddy face completed the not-unhandsome picture’.

48.Name the underlined device: ‘His eyes were no warmer than an iceberg.’

49.Name the underlined device: ‘She lives at an expensive address.’

50.Name the underlined device: ‘Cecil was immediately shushed’.

51.Name the underlined device: ‘the face of London.’

52.Name the underlined device: “His grey face was so long that he could wind it twice round his neck”.

53.Name the underlined device: “My heart is an apple tree whose boughs are bent with thickest fruit.”

54. Name the underlined device: “Nature always blushes before disrobing”.

55.Name the underlined device: “Use your head.”

56.Name the underlined device: “No, don’t do that, Scout. Scout?” – “Wha – t?”

57. Name the underlined device: “the original copy”.

58. Name the underlined device: “Say yes. If you don’t I’ll break into tears. I’ll sob. I’ll moan. I’ll growl”.

59. Define the type of repetition contained in the following extract: “Never wonder. By means of addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division, settle everything somehow, and never wonder”.

60. Define the type of epithet: ‘the smiling sun.’

61. Define the type of metaphor: ‘foot of a bed’.

62.Define the type of metonymy: ‘I am fond of Dickens’.

63.Define the type of simile: ‘to smoke like a chimney’.

64.Define the type of repetition: “Money is what he’s after, money!”

65.Define the type of onomatopoeia – to crack.

66.Define the type of repetition in the following sentence: “With Bewick on my knee, I was then happy; happy at least in my own way”.

67.Find zeugma in the following sentence: ‘She possessed two false teeth and a sympathetic heart.’

68. Find metonymy in the following sentence: ‘We smiled at each other, but we didn’t speak because there were ears all around us’.

69. Find antithesis in the following sentence: ‘Large houses are still occupied while weavers’ cottages stand empty’.

70. Find simile in the following sentence: ‘She was like a tigress ready to jump at me’.

71. Find oxymoron in the following sentences: “I liked him better than I would have liked his father… We were fellow strangers.”

72. Find understatement in the following sentence: “The little woman, for she was of pocket size, crossed her hands solemnly on her middle.”

73. Find periphrasis in the following sentence: “And then, to the waiter he betrayed the fact that the minutest coin and himself were strangers”.

74. Find antonomasia in the following sentence: “The next speaker was a tall gloomy man, Sir Something Somebody”.

75. Find hyperbole in the following extract: “God, I cried buckets. I saw it ten times.”

76. Find oxymoron in the following sentence: “He’d behaved pretty lousily to Jan”

77. Find the reversed epithet in the following sentence: “Thief, Pilon shouted. “Dirty pig of an untrue friend.”

78. Find alliteration in the following phrase: “the last but not the least”.

79. Find graphon in the following sentence (2 words): “I don’t weally know wevver I’m a good girl.”

80. Find detachment in the following sentence: “Very small and child-like, he never looked more than fourteen”.

81. Find suspense in the following sentence: “The day on which I take the happiest and best step of my life – the day on which I shall be a man more exulting and more enviable than any other man in the world – the day on which I give Bleak House its little mistress – shall be next month, then,’ said my guardian”.

82. What is polysyndeton based upon in the following sentence: "I’ve always been a good girl; and I’ve never offered to say a word to him; and I don’t owe him nothing; and I don’t care; and I won’t be put upon; and I have my feelings the same as anyone else."

83. Which lexical stylistic device is used in the following sentence: "Eve was nigh Adam: Adam was naive."

84. Which syntactical stylistic device is used in the following sentence: "I love my Love and my Love loves me!"

85. Which syntactical stylistic device is used in the following sentence: "Very unpleasant it’s been,” she went on.

86. Which lexical stylistic device is used in the following sentence: "A backward poet writes inverse."

87. Which lexical stylistic device is used in the following sentence: "He was working in dignity and a pair of beautiful carpet slippers."

88. Which lexical stylistic device is used in the following sentence: "Brandon liked me as much as Hiroshima liked the atomic bomb."

89. Which syntactical stylistic device is used in the following extract: “Mom and Dad … You know I love you … but I want … I mean … I’m grown up … I wasn’t to say that …” – “Are you going to marry?” – “Yes …”

90. Which syntactical stylistic device is used in the following extract: "It’s the ruin of my whole life. Why couldn’t you leave me alone? What harm had I ever done to you?"

91. Which lexical stylistic device is used in the following extract: "Did you hit a woman with a child?” – “No, sir, I hit her with a brick.”?

92. Which syntactical stylistic device is used in the following sentence: "You heard what the guy said: get out or else."

93. Which syntactical stylistic device is used in the following sentence: "Came frightful days of snow and rain."

94. Which graphical expressive means are used in the following sentence: "I want to know."

95. Which graphical expressive means are used in the following sentence: "He seemed to want people to dislike him."

96. Which graphical expressive means are used in the following sentence: "“WILL YOU BE QUIET!” he bawled.

97. Which syntactical stylistic device is used in the following sentence: "Scrooge knew he was dead? Of course he did."

98. What is polysyndeton built upon in the following extract: "What leaf-fring’d legend haunts about thy shape/Of deities or mortals, or of both,/In Tempe or the dales of Arcady?/What men or gods are these?"

99. What functional styles does I. Galperin single out?

100. What functional styles does I. Arnold single out?


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