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English Stylistics Class 2014. metaphor & simile

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Hi girls! So many blogs for today :) Now my blog is about differences between Metaphor & Simile, in oppinion of different authors. I like their opinions & i want to show you them.

"Writers sometimes use similes and metaphors to help create a vivid image in the reader's mind. A simile compares two things using the word like or as.
Simile: My father grumbles like a bear in the mornings.
A metaphor also compares two things, but it does not use the word like or as.
Metaphor: My father is a bear in the mornings.
(English Language Arts Skills & Strategies: Level 8, Saddleback, 2005)

"The simile sets two ideas side by side; in the metaphor they become superimposed. It would seem natural to think that simile, being simpler, is older."
(F.L. Lucas, Style. Macmillan, 1955)

"Simile and Metaphor differ only in degree of stylistic refinement. The Simile, in which a comparison is made directly between two objects, belongs to an earlier stage of literary expression: it is the deliberate elaboration of a correspondence, often pursued for its own sake. But a Metaphor is the swift illumination of an equivalence. Two images, or an idea and an image, stand equal and opposite; clash together and respond significantly, surprising the reader with a sudden light."
(Herbert Read, English Prose Style. Beacon, 1955)

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